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Text Complexity

The Challenge of Challenging Text

Timothy Shanahan, Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey

When teachers understand what makes texts complex, they can better support their students in reading them.

How is reading complex text like lifting weights? Just as it's impossible to build muscle without weight or resistance, it's impossible to build robust reading skills without reading challenging text. The common core state standards in language arts treat text difficulty as akin to weight or resistance in an exercise program...more